At PLS we believe in expressing our views about the issues closest to us. The PLS team regularly writes articles of this nature.

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Learner-driven Community-centred Learning by Arun Kapur

One of the main purposes of education, how we at the Royal Academy, Bhutan, envision it, is to help learners become persons of substance – people who do the right thing because it is the right thing to do. Such a collection of learners will not only thrive but also ensure that the community which they are part of fares exceedingly well. In the 20th century, based on the works of educational philosophers such as John Dewey, Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, the focus of learning shifted to learner-centred. Read more

Augmented Learning: the Convergence of Learner Motivation, Learning Spaces and Technology to Elevate the Learning Processes by Arun Kapur

Like each one of us, the process of learning is a work in progress and a continuous journey. This is one journey that has no end point, no destination and can carry on for as long as the learner wants to learn. This, I feel, is one of the main the purposes of education: embarking on a lifelong learning journey, equipped with all the necessary tools that will facilitate the process. Read more

The Future of Learning by Arun Kapur

The current pandemic has disrupted the process of learning in myriad ways. During this time, institutions and educators have come up with innovative ways to employ technology to impart learning. It would be unfortunate if things simply reverted to the way they were as soon as the pandemic subsided. It is imperative that we build on the learnings acquired and chart a new direction that learning can take. Read more

Transacting Digital Learning Effectively by Arun Kapur

As many countries enter their fifth or sixth week of lockdown it is imperative that we look at how learning has been happening and if there are any changes that need to be made. The closing of schools and initiation of online learning happened with little warning, and in many instances, overnight. Schools and educators have done their best to react to the situation to try and ensure the continuity of young people’s education. But after a few weeks of ‘schooling’ this way it is important for educators to step back and examine how they reacted and, now, take the time to respond in a thought out way. Read more

Adaptive Abilities of our Teachers by Benu Khanna, Director, Pallavan Jhalawar

In times of COVID 19 when shutdowns seem to have become the order of the day, and life all around us seems to have come to a standstill, Pallavan was the first school in Jhalawar to come up with a novel idea to continue classes for their students. At Pallavan School Jhalawar all the students from Nursery to grade 12 are attending virtual classes. Our teachers are able to connect with our students in far off areas like Asnawar, Ratlai, Bakani, (approximately 30 to 35 Kms from our school). Harigarh and Khanpur and conduct online classes successfully. Read more

Muscat Musings by Denise Roache

The enforced paralysis of our interactive lifestyle due to the stringent COVID-19 mitigation strategies has us all reflecting, redesigning, rethinking and re-evaluating our life as we have known it. For myself, employed in a new country at a start-up school, it is perhaps the collateral gift of time that we so rarely have access to! It is an opportunity to look back at the last six months of our inaugural academic year and our endeavors to establish the unique inclusive culture that is Paradise Valley Private School in Muscat, Oman. Read more

Write-ups from the India Bhutan Bhutan Youth Summit and the Asia Pacific Schools Initiative Alumni

We contacted our alumni from the India Bhutan Youth Summit and Asia Pacific Schools Initiative to see how they were coping with the pandemic and the changes it has brought to their lives. They wrote back about what has helped them deal with the current situation and the shift in teaching and learning.Read more

Education in the Post Pandemic World: It cannot be business as usual, we must transform our processes to help learners thrive by Arun Kapur

There is a pause in the normal delivery of education both in schools and at universities. This gives learners the opportunity to reflect on and consider what is being learnt and how this learning is happening. Is it really fit for the purpose of today? The students who are graduating this year will find themselves in a very different world from the one they were expecting to graduate into. Within the space of a few months the economy and the job market has changed dramatically and as of now we are unsure when and what it will look like. What will the world need when we come out on the other side of this? Who will be able to step up and take the risks of moving forward in a different world? It would be a great shame that if after the devastation the pandemic has caused globally we return to business as usual without considering how we can do things differently, how we can do things better. Change often happens slowly in large educational institutions because exam deadlines are so tight educators can’t risk trying something new. But now we have the time, and surely it’s our duty as educators to consider how we can make what we do better .. Read more

Taking Ownership of your Learning:Leveraging Technology to Personalise Learning and Actualising Potential by Arun Kapur

Over the past two decades, the rate at which new content has been emerging and knowledge changing has rapidly increased. This has meant that by the time a learner graduates from a traditional undergraduate course, the environment in which they need to apply their learning would have transformed significantly. This changing educational landscape has been further proliferated by online learning providers in the form of Massive Online Open Courses (MOOC) which have been around for nearly a decade now…Read More

Learning by Arun Kapur

Reflecting on my years of working in education, I perceive learning as a journey, one in which the final destination is never reached. There is always another hidden bend that needs to be explored. There is always somewhere else to go; there is always something more to learn. Like on any long expedition, it is wise to stop occasionally and take stock of where you are, where you have been, and where you are heading….Read More

(W)holistic Development of an Individual by Arun Kapur

Learning across boundaries, being lifelong learners. Is an adult a reflection of the experiences he or she has accumulated during their childhood? We generally tend not to associate the two in a coherent meaningful way, but recent research in neuroscience tends to point in that direction..Read More

Five Areas of Development – A HundrEd innovation for 2017, 2018, 2019

A new school culture that refocuses the curriculum to address 5 key areas of development (Cerebral, Physical, Emotional, Spiritual and Social) and uses innovative methods to assess students, teachers and the school as a whole. Read about what the Innovator of the Five Areas of Development curriculum at HundrED, Finland has to say here

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Learning How to Learn

The importance of educators to move from content-based education to a process based education is further spoken about here.

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Wind Beneath Students Wings

Read another feature of HundrED, Finland here.

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Helping Learners Actualize their Potential

Is an adult a reflection of the experiences he or she has accumulated during their childhood? Read more about it here.

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Let’s Talk About Rape

Eight eminent Indians write open letters in Hindustan Times to discuss the reality of sexual assault in India. Read more about it here.

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Learning Resources Across the Five Areas of Development

The Five Areas of Development is a wholistic approach to learning that strives to break down the silos in education and ensures the development of a learner in all Five Areas of Development – Cerebral, Physical, Social, Emotional and Spiritual. Through this process of development, we hope to inspire our learners and equip them with the skills and processes that will help them navigate new content and challenges that the future may present. Here is a handbook consisting of a list of online resources that may help your learners in their development journey in the Five Areas of Development, along with other relevant resources. We request you to give us your valuable feedback to help us further improve this continuously evolving document. Click Here


A Person of Substance E-book 


A Person of Substance e-book is a compilation of student essays from the India Bhutan Youth Summit 2018.
The main objective of the youth summit is to enhance the ties between the youth of both countries and create an understanding of the importance of building India-Bhutan friendship. The Summit also seeks to create a pool of potential ambassadors, in both countries, who will carry forward the collaboration.

Centre for Escalation of Peace (CEP) and Pallavan Learning Systems (PLS), in collaboration with Royal Institute for Governance and Strategic Studies (RIGSS), organized the inaugural India-Bhutan Youth Summit from September 21 to 29, 2018 in the Kingdom of Bhutan. The launch of the India-Bhutan Youth Summit came at an opportune time to celebrate the 50 years of friendship and partnership.

The nine-day programme is structured in a manner where learning experiences would incorporate a combination of academics and adventure. It includes an introduction to Bhutan and India, a three/four-day trek across the pristine landscapes, interactions amongst the participants on core issues, and meetings between the participants and eminent people. The participants will also visit places of interest and interact with the locals to gain a better understanding of the country and the aspirations of its citizens.

2018 marked the first India Bhutan Youth Summit which was held in Bhutan. In order to select from a long list of entries for the summit, participants were asked to write an essay on what they thought makes a person of substance. This book is a compilation of their essays.
Person of Substance eBook

Transforming Schools: Empowering Children

The author weaves together his expertise and experience to offer insights into what makes a ‘great’ school. You can read a review of the of the book.

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Leading Out: The True Purpose of Education

This book searches for the true purpose of education and finds it in the emergence of self-leadership.

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